Baked apples: composition, benefits, harm, recipes

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Baked apples: composition, benefits, harm, recipes
Baked apples: composition, benefits, harm, recipes
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The composition and calorie content of baked apples, useful properties and harm. The classic way of cooking, recipes for delicious baked apples with various additives.

Baked apples are a dessert that can be prepared in a thousand and one ways. This dish is very tasty and healthy: it can be eaten with pancreatitis, diabetes, gastritis, pancreatic problems, as well as for children and pregnant women. Baked apples are much more tender than fresh ones. This dish will appeal to both the elderly and babies under one year old who find it difficult to eat tough foods. There is no harm from baked apples, but this depends on what additives and according to what recipe they were prepared.

Composition and calorie content of baked apples

Baked apples on a baking sheet

In the photo baked apples

The benefits of baked apples for the body are invaluable. They contain more than 20 vitamins, macro- and microelements.

The calorie content of sweet baked apples per 100 g without additives is 89 kcal, of which:

  • Proteins - 0.5 g;
  • Fat - 0.3 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 24 g.

Energy value of sweet and sour baked apples per 100 g without additives - 59 kcal, including:

  • Proteins - 0.5 g;
  • Fat - 0.5 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 12, 3 g.

The calorie content of sour baked apples per 100 g without additives is 49 kcal:

  • Proteins - 0.5 g;
  • Fat - 0.5 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 12 g.

In comparison with a baked one, in a fresh apple there are 52 kcal (per 100 g).

Vitamins per 100 g:

  • Vitamin A - 30 mcg;
  • Vitamin B1 - 0.02 mg;
  • Vitamin B2 - 0.03 mg;
  • Vitamin B5 - 0.1 g;
  • Vitamin B6 - 0.07 mg;
  • Vitamin B9 - 5.3 mg;
  • Vitamin C - 10.2 mg;
  • Vitamin E - 0.6 mg;
  • Vitamin H - 1 μg;
  • Vitamin PP - 0.383 mg.

Macronutrients per 100 g:

  • Potassium - 234 mg;
  • Sodium - 22.8 mg;
  • Calcium - 20.7 mg;
  • Phosphorus - 12.6 mg;
  • Magnesium -10.2 mg;
  • Fluorine - 9.6 mg;
  • Chlorine - 4, 9 mg;
  • Iron - 1.9 mg;
  • Zinc - 0, 1275 mg;
  • Manganese - 0.0764 mg.

Microelements per 100 g:

  • Copper - 105 mcg;
  • Molybdenum - 6.4 mcg;
  • Chromium - 3.3 mcg;
  • Iodine - 1.6 mcg;
  • Cobalt - 1.6 mcg.

Fresh and baked apples are a source of dietary fiber, 100 g of apples contain 2.1 g. After heat treatment, they do not disappear.

The benefits of baked apples are due to the vitamins, amino acids, macro- and microelements and other substances included in the fruit:

  • Potassium - good for the heart, acts as a mild diuretic;
  • Quercetin - a strong antioxidant, natural anti-inflammatory agent, lowers blood pressure, inhibits degenerative processes in the body;
  • Vitamin C - a powerful antioxidant, however, during heat treatment it is almost completely destroyed;
  • Carotenoids - antioxidants, found only in bright fruits, so if you want to get them from apples, choose red or orange;
  • Pectins - collect toxins from the intestinal walls and remove them from the body, get rid of bad cholesterol, lower sugar levels, in case of stomach ulcers, they envelop wounds on the mucous membrane, facilitating the course of the disease, normalize the intestinal microflora, slow down the digestion of food, helping to reduce appetite, are found in large quantities in the peel of some unripe apples;
  • B vitamins (B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, B7, B3) - restore the functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, protect against stress and depression, help to cope with emotional stress, strengthen the immune system;
  • Vitamin E - protects cell membranes from oxidation, inhibits aging, prevents the formation of cancerous tumors, prevents age-related pigmentation.

Useful properties of baked apples

Stuffed baked apples

Baked apples are a valuable dietary product. Various pathologies impose strict restrictions on the menu of patients. Many seemingly completely harmless products fall under the exception. But baked apples are good for your health. It is no coincidence that they are included in almost all dietary tables.

With diabetes, these fruits are useful both fresh and baked. In the second case, you need to cook them without adding sugar.

Baked apples are also useful for gastritis, but fresh ones, especially if the disease is accompanied by high acidity, are undesirable. The fruits are prepared in the simplest way: they are washed and baked whole in the oven (see the recipe above). It is best to choose sweet varieties.

In pancreatitis, the pancreas is affected. With an exacerbation of the disease, the patient is recommended cold, hunger and rest. After that, they are allowed to eat a little. And baked apples are always present in the diet of such patients with pancreatitis. But you need to eat them quite a bit - one at a time, maximum two a day.

Apples baked in the oven, crushed to an airy state, are also useful for nursing women. They improve digestion, allow you to enjoy when most sweets are banned.

Baked apples improve intestinal motility and relieve constipation if eaten every day. They gently act on the intestines, helping to evacuate its contents. It is recommended to use them regularly if a person suffers from constipation.

The benefits of baked apples

  • have a beneficial effect on the heart;
  • inhibit aging;
  • help to cope with stress and nervous tension;
  • normalize blood pressure;
  • reduce sugar levels (only sour varieties);
  • bind free radicals;
  • reduce plaque cholesterol;
  • restore bowel function;
  • protect against the appearance of age spots in old age.

All of the listed beneficial properties of baked apples really only take place if they are regularly consumed for a long time. If you cook them from time to time, then you will not notice any effects, they will just be a delicious dessert.

The hypoglycemic index of baked apples is 35 units. Consider this point if you include such a dessert in your daily menu.

Contraindications and harm of baked apples

Stomach ulcer as a contraindication for baked apples

The harm from baked apples, in comparison with the benefits, is minimal. You should not lean on them for those who have exacerbated diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - gastritis with high acidity or a stomach ulcer.

There are no contraindications at all. In a word, baked apples do not harm the body, on the contrary, they are of continuous benefit.

How to cook baked apples?

How to cook baked apples

Healthy baked apples are the easiest to prepare. Only fresh fruits and a little water are required, you can also add sugar or honey - this is optional. Variety in the form of other fruits or berries, honey and cottage cheese are tasty, healthy additions, but they do not significantly change the taste of the dessert.

The classic recipe for baked apples is very simple, cooking on time takes a maximum of 1 hour.

Ingredients:

  • medium apples - take as many pieces as will fit in the refractory dish in which they will be cooked;
  • sugar - 1 tsp each for each apple;
  • water - 1 glass.

How to cook baked apples:

  1. Wash the fruit, dry it with a towel, cut off about a third of the fruit from the side of the stalk.
  2. Remove the pitted core. Pour 1 tsp into the resulting hole. Sahara. If it comes out small, deepen it a little.
  3. Cover the apples with the cut pieces with stalks and put them in a refractory dish with sides not very tightly to each other.
  4. Place the container in an oven preheated to 200 ° C and bake for about 25-30 minutes, then remove and cool.

It is even easier to prepare whole baked apples without sugar. The fruits are washed, the middle with the seeds is not removed - they are placed whole in a bowl with the sides, the stalks up and put in the oven for half an hour. If the apples are very large, the baking time should be increased.

Baked apple recipes with various additives:

  • Caramelized apples… These are the most popular baked apples among children. They are not difficult to prepare.The following products are required: medium-sized sour or sweet and sour apples, sugar - 0.4 kg, lemon juice - 2 tablespoons, corn (or glucose syrup) - 140 g, water - 50 ml, food coloring of any color - usually take red or orange, but for a change, try to make the apples multi-colored: blue, yellow, black. Bake apples according to the simplest recipe until half cooked (keep them in the oven for about a quarter of an hour). Place them on thick wooden skewers and put them in the freezer. Make caramel. To do this, put sugar in a cast iron pan, add water, corn syrup and lemon juice, add food coloring. Put the dishes on medium heat, wait until the mixture boils, stirring slowly. Now the task is not to miss the moment. Otherwise, the caramel will seize even in the frying pan, and you will not be able to dip the apples in it. Simmer the sugar over high heat until bubbling. At this point, the temperature of the mixture should rise to 130 ° C. Once this happens, remove the caramel from the heat. Remove the apples from the freezer. Quickly dip each into caramel. She will harden quickly, because the apples are cold. It is not worth making a thick layer of caramel - it will be inconvenient to eat. The finished apple can be dipped in some kind of crumb - from cookies or nut, it turns out deliciously with sesame seeds and coconut flakes. Then place the fruit on parchment paper. The caramel will harden in 5-7 minutes, after which the apples can be eaten. There is also a second option for caramelized apples, in case you forgot about them when baked and they become too soft. Just cut them into slices, just like whole ones, string them on skewers, dip in caramel and roll in whatever you like. By the way, you can cook anything in caramel. Moreover, fruits or berries do not have to be baked in the oven. Caramelized bananas (slices), pineapples (slices), mangoes and strawberries are very tasty.
  • Baked apples with toffee. This is a simple and delicious recipe that kids love too. For cooking, you will need: sour apples - 6 pieces, toffee candies - 6 pieces, butter - 80 g, cane sugar - 1 tsp, ordinary sugar - 1 tsp, cinnamon (by eye or to taste). Prepare the apples for baking: cut off about a quarter of the fruit with the stalk, remove the core and make an even hole in its place. Do not touch the bottom. Cut the prepared apple crosswise - after baking it will open like a flower. Put in the hole over the toffee. Melt the butter, add cane and sugar, and a good pinch of cinnamon. Mix well. Spread the mixture over apples, place in a suitable bowl, place in the oven and bake at about 190 ° C for about 35-40 minutes. Remove the apples, cool a little, put them on a dish in a circle, and put a large ball of ice cream in the middle. Top with any jam syrup. There is not an ounce of benefit in such a dessert. It is very high in sugar and calories. But it is quite possible to do it once or twice a year, for example, on the birthday of your child and on New Year's. Well, and not eating a lot of it - it turns out too sweet.
  • Baked apples with cottage cheese, nuts and dried fruits… For this recipe, the following products will be required: large blocks - 2 pieces, cottage cheese with a fat content of 5% - 2 tablespoons, walnuts, dried apricots and prunes - a little, by eye, cinnamon - 1 good pinch, water - 1 glass, honey - a little - a little (by eye). First, make the filling: chop the nuts, dried apricots and prunes, add cottage cheese and honey, mix everything well and refrigerate to make it easier to stuff the apples. Now take care of the apples: wash them and cut off the top quarter along with the stalk. Remove the core carefully. Stuff the apples, sprinkle a little with cinnamon and cover with the part with the stalk on top. Place them in a refractory dish with rims, pour a glass of water into it and place them in an oven preheated to 200 °. Bake for about 25 minutes.Remove the dish from the oven, carefully transfer the apples to a nice plate, and decorate them with mint leaves. Dessert can be eaten on its own or with herbal tea. It will be tasty both in the first and in the second case.
  • Fantasy baked apples… The following products will be required: sweet and sour large apples - as many pieces as you want, honey - 1 tablespoon each. for each apple, cottage cheese with a fat content of 2% - 50 g, berries (here, proceed from what you can buy in a store or on the market) or fruits (peaches, pears or something else according to the season) - 100 g. Wash apples, cut off from them "ass" with a stalk, remove the core with the seeds. Pour 1 tablespoon into the hole in the apple. honey, put the fruits in a baking dish, add a little water and put in the oven for half an hour. Remove the baked apples and cool, then remove the stalks. Grind baked apples, cottage cheese and berries (or fruits) in a blender. Spread the resulting airy mixture in bowls and garnish with fresh berries or hang a slice of any fruit on the edge.

You can also make mashed potatoes from baked apples. Prepare the fruit in the usual way. If the apples are juicy, puncture the skin. Put the fruits in a refractory container with sides, pour in some water and send them to the oven, heated to 200 ° C, for 20-30 minutes. Remove and let cool, then remove the stalk and grind in a blender until puree. For sweetness, add some honey and stir.

Watch a video about the properties of baked apples:

Knowing how useful baked apples are, you can easily create a menu for every day. Use your imagination and come up with a couple of your own recipes. Cinnamon apples are a classic. But after all, no one forbids combining them with other spices, for example, ginger powder, cardamom or cloves. Experiment, especially since now you know exactly how to cook just baked apples.

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