Learn about the isothreading technique, with which you can create beautiful paintings from threads. See how to make a panel from fabric. Isothreading is a fascinating needlework technique. It is also called: thread image, thread graphics, embroidery on cardboard, isography, thread design. Having studied this simple science, you will learn how to embroider with threads, creating an openwork pattern on geometric lines.
For beginners: isothread-schemes
The technique was invented by English weavers. They proposed an interesting way of making panels: nails were driven into the frames, it was necessary to pull on them multi-colored threads in a certain sequence. As a result, beautiful canvases were obtained with which to decorate the walls.
To make pictures from threads, let's first learn 2 fairly simple techniques. By using and combining them, you can create interesting compositions. The first motif is the technique of filling the corner, the second is about filling the circle.
Here's what you need to do this:
- pincushion and needle;
- threads: iris, floss, silk;
The first trick is to fill the corner.
On the sheet, draw a right angle with sides 8 and 10 cm. Make markings on one and the second side of it, putting dots every centimeter. Make holes with an awl on all these markings.
If you are just mastering the isothreading technique, then number the points, this will help not to get confused when embroidering with thread.
- Stick the needle from the inside out into the cardboard (a knot remains on this side) into number 1, pass the thread to the right side, insert the needle through hole number 2.
- Puncture the wrong side of the hole at number 3. The needle is on the face. Move it to 4.
- The next turn of the thread will have a path on the front side equal to the distance it is from numbers 5 to 6.
- The next straight line has a distance of 7–8.
- Based on this technique, fill in all the segments from one side to the other side of the corner.
When making paintings with threads, you will adhere to this corner filling principle. But over time, you will be able to use angles of different degrees, lengths, and you will get different results.
The second principle is filling the circle.
Draw a circle, number it with dots, placing them at the same distance. The more there are, the tighter the turns will be to each other.
If you will later make patterns in the form of a drop or oval, perform them using the design of a corner or circle.
Get acquainted with one more principle of design of elements in the technique of isonization schemes will help with this.
Here are 2 options for filling the heart.
When you have learned how to help create pictures in the technique of ison schemes, have learned how to perform simple elements, proceed to practical work. The Butterfly painting consists of simple patterns that will help recreate this spectacular insect.
For this thread picture you will need:
- colored cardboard;
- the image of a butterfly;
- green and yellow floss threads;
- thin scotch tape;
The color of the cardboard should be such that the threads used will look good on it. For example, bright and light look great on dark. Redraw the butterfly onto cardboard, make holes at the same distance using an awl. For convenience, you can number the sections for the correct thread movement.
We start with the top wing. Here's how to style it. From the inside, we fix the ends of the threads with tape.
We design the second wing in the same way - symmetrically with respect to the first. Here's what happens.
The lower ones will be made of threads of a different color.
To mark the torso, the antennae of the butterfly with threads, sew them in a straight line and go back.We glue the inside out with a white sheet of paper or cardboard so that the work looks neat from this side too.
Such a butterfly can become the front side of a postcard, like the following samples.
Using isothread-schemes, you can make an adorable dog or heart, flowers to present your creations. You can leave these embroidered products in your home, they will give your home a unique look.
Useful tips for working in the isothread technique
- Use smooth cardboard or thick paper as a base, sometimes velvet cardboard is used for pictures.
- For work you need an awl, take a sharp and short one. Puncture the cardboard from the front to the wrong side to keep it neat.
- Use a simple, well-sharpened, hard pencil to draw the diagram.
- Use a needle with a large eye to allow the thread to pass through without hindrance.
- In order not to damage the work surface, put a substrate under the cardboard, it can be a wooden board, thick foam.
- Watch the thread tension. Pulling too hard can tear the cardboard base. A very weak turn will lead to sagging of the thread.
- The seamy side will look better if the finished picture of threads is glued to thick cardboard.
- Panels, postcards, paintings, bookmarks for books, covers are made using the izothin technique.
See what other panels you can make from this material. This is how pictures are created from threads and nails (which are used instead of punctures).
The base can be plywood or other similar material into which nails can be driven. They are attached along the borders of the contour of the drawing and twisted with a thread in a certain order, using the isothread technique or in a chaotic manner.
For such a picture of threads and nails, you will need:
- painted plywood;
- bright threads.
Use a hammer to hammer in nails around the perimeter of a small piece of plywood. At the end of the thread, tie a loop, throw it over the first corner nail, tighten. Thread the thread diagonally over the matching stud. Then put it back in place, screwing it on the next one, from the first corner, carnation. Guide the thread diagonally, secure to a symmetrical nail. So, gradually moving clockwise, finish the job. For the next thread and nail pattern, take:
- solid foundation with a dark background;
- white threads;
Attach the selected pattern to a dense base. Drive nails along its outer and inner contours. Decorate the drawing with thread, sequentially winding it on the outer, then on the inner nail.
Since there are fewer nails fixed in the shape of a heart than those driven in along the outer contour, wind the thread on one inner and several outer ones. If you don't want to keep the proportion, arrange the thread randomly.
For the next picture of nails, the thread comes out from one point, and then, successively, rushes to the outer contours of the wings.
And here is how a chaotically wound rope will help to make a beautiful inscription, a heart. In this technique, you can make a sign and save a lot on it.
In the intricacies of the next work, where threads also play the main role, the master class will help you figure it out.
Little is needed for her:
- woolen threads of various colors;
- pencil, scissors;
On light cardboard, draw your favorite character, nature, or something else. Lubricate the outline of one of the largest elements of the canvas (in this case, a cat) with a brush and glue. Attach yarn here, glue.
We decorate with threads of different colors, also gluing them, small details: eyes, nose, mouth, face. If the panel has flowers, other small elements, also fill them with woven yarn.
Now you can move on to the larger elements - the body, the tail, and at the end, paste over the background of the picture.
They turn out to be no less beautiful and original.Fabric paintings can be done with children, and even more so those on which they draw with chalk. It will not fall off the finished canvases, and why, you will learn about this secret very soon.
For artistic creation you need:
- pieces of cotton fabric;
- colored crayons;
- a bowl;
- starch water;
- frying pan or wide plate;
From cotton fabric, you can cut pieces of rectangular or any other shape. The brighter the color of the crayons, the more colorful the picture will turn out. Place the shreds in a bowl. Dilute starch with water in a ratio of 1: 3, pour this liquid over the pieces of fabric, soak them well in the solution.
Squeeze the flap, spread it on a flat surface on a plate or pan. Draw in chalk.
Decorate other canvases in the same way. Now you need to lay out fabric pictures on foil, having done it yourself or by entrusting it to the children. After all, it will be very interesting for them to learn about a new type of creativity and try it out.
Everything, you can frame the panels and hang them on the wall. The starch solution has set the chalk so it won't flake off. If you do not have ready-made frames, glue them using PVA from wooden ice cream sticks. Even round hoops, which are used for embroidery, will be used.
And here's how else you can create paintings from wet fabric, using its property to drape perfectly. For such a work of art you will need:
- plywood or fiberboard;
- thin plain cotton fabric;
Pour half a glass of flour into a small saucepan, pour in 200 ml of water, mix thoroughly with a whisk. Put the mass on fire. Stir occasionally with the same kitchen tool and bring to a boil. Remove from heat, cool.
Spread the fabric, taking the paste with your hands, rub it over the surface of the canvas. Glue this side to the plywood.
The fabric should be 5–8 cm wider than the fiberboard on all sides. After all, we will drape it and it will shrink.
- We begin to drape the fabric. Divide the painting into about 2 pieces. The upper one will be smooth, here you will depict the sky, the sun. We drape the lower one so that the result is images: mountains, water, coast, trees.
- Where the sky will be, carefully smooth the canvas with your palms so that the surface becomes smooth, without air bubbles under the fabric.
- For the embossed part of the picture, arrange the fabric with folds of various shapes and sizes.
- If you want to indicate a convex detail, for example, a large stone, then use newspaper. Moisten it with flour glue, place it under the canvas where needed.
- Stick small parts on a wet cloth immediately.
- The finished fabric painting is dried for about 10-12 hours.
- If you want to apply a drawing on the panel, then do it when the canvas is completely dry. This can be: a church, a house, a tree, an animal, a person, etc.).
- After you have drawn the church, smeared its domes with glue, pour millet on this part of the fabric picture with your own hands. We paint the church with gouache or acrylic spray paints.
- Paint the sky, water with blue paint. The coast is yellow.
- Cover the moss with green paint, let it dry. Wait for the canvas itself to dry well too. Only after that, glue the moss to the crown of the trees and instead of terrestrial vegetation.
- For this, it is good to use a thermo gun or Titan or Dragon glue.
It is also pleasant to make pictures from fabric, with your own hands, first cutting out the patches, then putting them in their places.
For this use:
- pieces of fabric;
- thick cardboard.
Follow these instructions:
- Draw on the cardboard first the future picture in pencil. Let it be a vase of plants.
- Fill the background with tape of different colors, either straight or wavy.
- Cut flowers according to the same pattern, but also of different fabrics: blue, blue, purple. Glue glitter to the cores.
- Glue a vase on the canvas, and on top - flowers, grouping them in several pieces and decorating them with green leaves.
- Once the fabric has dried, the painting can be framed and hung on the wall.
Combining yellow, orange, burgundy, lilac patches, make a spider web. Its fragments are separated by white tape. Glue a colorful butterfly in the center of the panel, and a sheet on the side.
Using the patchwork technique, you can come up with many more fabric patterns. For a flight of inspiration, watch interesting videos:
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