In the development of the Universe, various-format black holes once played an important role. Despite the constant astronomical discoveries, they are still mysterious and obscure. Scientists studying various space objects show a special interest in them. With the help of orbiting telescopes, the varieties of black holes are studied, their direct influence on the outer space of our Universe.
Gigantic black holes are capable of accumulating an amount of energy equal to the sum of all the stars in the Universe. Many of them have just formed, most have their own periods of activity, and only 10% continuously exert their influence on the surrounding starry world. Only 15% of black holes are approaching the age of the universe.
The light that hits the holes simply disappears. If a mechanical clock gets into the inside of a black hole and survives there, then it will gradually stop, and eventually just stop. This time dilation occurs due to gravitational time dilation, this is explained by Einstein's theory. In these anomalies, the force of gravity is so great that it slows down time.
There is a well-established scientific understanding of black holes. New information obtained as a result of their study contradicts the generally accepted data regarding their age in comparison with the moment of the birth of the Galaxy. Their development does not occur in parallel, which is why newly formed astronomical phenomena are noted.
Giant black holes formed as a result of the explosion of accumulated gases, their mass is billions of times the mass of one star, but they occupy a relatively small place in space, for example, like our solar system. The more energy black giants have, the more quickly and forcefully they draw in matter from neighboring galaxies. Astronomers believe that most galactic systems, such as the Milky Way, have a huge black hole in their depths.
If they absorb a large amount of surrounding matter, they are called active. At the moment of absorption, the trapped matter exhibits dying qualities, one of which will be an extreme rise in temperature, reaching many millions of degrees. This unimaginable, unimaginable heat creates ideal conditions for X-ray cosmic radiation. It is these rays that are recorded at the Chandra Observatory, a modern orbiting telescope. From the analysis of the data obtained, it follows that the background radiation of space consists of X-rays emitted by various sources. They can be even the most distant Galaxies with black holes in the center.
With the help of ground-based telescopes, they tried to study in detail all these sources of cosmic background radiation. By studying the development of the universe, astronomers partially track the dynamics of energy production by black holes. There is a method for calculating the age of holes and the activity of their radiation. It shows that black holes grow very slowly, it takes more than a billion years for the Galaxy to grow its “voracious middle”. Telescopic data suggest that once the activity of black holes was much higher than it is now. The rays of distant Galaxies have been going to us for a huge number of years, until they were able to register, the Galaxies ceased to be young. The study of energy sources allows you to better understand the structure of the universe.
At Johns Hopkins University, they first calculated, and then with the help of the Chandra telescope, they found a quasar in the constellation Fornax, which is 9 billion light years distant from Earth. It is surrounded by a thick cloud of dust and gas.This quasar is considered to be the product of a giant black hole. This is a new formation at the initial stage of evolution. As it grows, it will spread its radiation to the surrounding gas clouds. This is an object from which narrow lines are emitted in the optical, visible spectrum, and strong radiation can be seen in the X-ray spectrum.
Scientists managed to peer through a thick dust curtain into the Centaur Galaxy A, located at a distance of 12 billion light years. The measurements of the central part were surprising. A mass of more than 200 million suns is concentrated there. Most likely, there is a giant black hole in the center of the Centaur A galaxy. This star system is clearly visible in the sky in the southern hemisphere, discovered in 1847 by Herschel. The dust cloud was formed as a result of the collision of elliptical and spiral galaxies. Astronomers use infrared rays to look into the dusty curtain. Dust particles move there quickly, which indicates that the black hole is actively growing.