Is it possible to play sports after a stroke?

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Is it possible to play sports after a stroke?
Is it possible to play sports after a stroke?

Find out if workouts can be done after a cerebral hemorrhage, and what are the steps of a gradual recovery. Many deaths are now associated with various diseases of the blood vessels. Moreover, it should be noted that these diseases are "getting younger." One of the most common vascular diseases is stroke. Now we will talk about this disease in more detail and give advice on how to avoid it. In addition, we will devote one of the sections to the topic of "sports after a stroke".

Stroke types

Varieties of stroke
Varieties of stroke

A stroke is directly related to a person's lifestyle and this disease does not appear just like that. If you want to avoid it, the first step is to change your lifestyle. With a stroke, the process of supplying the brain with blood is disrupted.

Doctors distinguish two types of this disease - ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. The first type of disease manifests itself when the blood vessels are clogged with blood clots. Also, sometimes the vessels can narrow. This leads to disruption of oxygen supply to the brain and some of the cells die. The main reason for the development of ischemic stroke lies in atherosclerosis.

Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood vessels rupture. Blood flows out of the damaged vessel and the brain does not receive enough nutrients and oxygen. Most often, the rupture of blood vessels occurs due to high blood pressure. There is also a high probability of damage to them in atherosclerosis.

Note that it is customary to distinguish four stages of stroke:

  • The 1st stage is the most acute stage of the development of the disease, the duration of which is three weeks after the onset of the stroke.
  • 2nd stage - lasts six months from the moment of the onset of the disease.
  • 3rd stage - lasts about a year.
  • 4th stage - residual effects observed after one year from the onset of the disease.

Stroke prevention

Stroke prevention methods
Stroke prevention methods

One of the most effective ways to prevent stroke is to switch to a healthy diet. In addition, there is a relationship between stroke and bad habits, ecology, stress, physical activity, etc. Scientists are confident that magnesium is a good stroke prevention tool.

This is due to the ability of the mineral to reduce blood pressure, restore cholesterol balance, and somewhat reduce the sensitivity of cellular structures to insulin. With a sufficient level of magnesium in the body, the risk of stroke is reduced by fifteen percent. Excellent sources of magnesium include seaweed, seeds, nuts, prunes, and green vegetables.

Also, in order to prevent the development of a stroke, it is worth switching to the use of whole grain bread. A team of scientists from Scotland has found through research that a diet high in plant fiber can be an excellent way to prevent stroke. It should also be said that this nutrition program is safe for the body. Sports after a stroke is also possible, but more on that below.

How to Eat Right to Avoid Stroke?

Fruit salad
Fruit salad

We have already said that in order to prevent stroke, you need to change your attitude towards nutrition. It is necessary to strictly adhere to the required daily calorie intake and not overeat. Your nutrition program must include products containing pectin - marmalade, fruits, vegetables, berries and freshly squeezed juices with pulp.

All these products, in combination with wholemeal bread and cereals, significantly speed up the processes of utilization of toxins and reduce the risk of atherosclerosis. As we now know, it is this disease that is the main cause of stroke.

All protein compounds are synthesized from two dozen amines, eight of which belong to the irreplaceable group. This suggests that they cannot be created by the body on its own and enter it exclusively from the outside. To maintain your health and normal brain function, you need to eat foods that contain all amines.

The body cannot do without adrenaline with norepinephrine. These hormones are synthesized from phenylalanine. This amine is found in dairy products, eggs, fish, and meat.

Tryptophan is essential for the normal functioning of the nervous system and the human psyche. Scientists are now suggesting that tryptophan can slow down the aging process. This substance is found in large quantities in grapes, turkey, figs, oatmeal, nuts, legumes and cocoa. Lysine is also extremely important for normal brain function. In the course of numerous studies, it has been proven that the amino acid compound leucine can improve brain activity. Sources of amine are milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, buckwheat and meat. To maintain a normal lipoprotein balance, methionine is needed. This substance can be supplied to the body through the use of oranges, watermelons, egg yolks, buckwheat, legumes, melons, etc.

There is a group of food products that effectively removes cholesterol plaques from blood vessels - radishes, rutabagas, horseradish and turnips. An even stronger effect from this point of view is produced by white cabbage and cauliflower, as well as broccoli.

Citrus fruits can also be a good way to prevent stroke. These fruits and their freshly squeezed juices can reduce your risk of stroke by about a quarter. It is extremely rare for people living in the Mediterranean to have problems with blood vessels. Scientists attribute this fact to the large amount of olive oil they use.

Surely you know that this vegetable oil is the leader in the content of healthy unsaturated fats. Olive oil helps to normalize lipoprotein balance and heals blood vessels. Try to use olive oil as often as possible. Now it's time to talk about how to exercise after a stroke.

Sports after a stroke - can you do it?

Man and woman on exercise bikes
Man and woman on exercise bikes

For the prevention of stroke, sports are an excellent tool. You do not need to visit the gym for this, and it is quite enough to make daily walks for a distance of several kilometers. Prevention will become even more effective if you add a set of exercises to walking that help improve the oxygen supply of tissues.

By accelerating blood flow, the brain will receive all the necessary nutrients, including oxygen. But it should be remembered that physical activity should be moderate. Statistics claim that the peak of strokes is at the beginning and end of the gardening season. Elderly people during this period of time experience serious physical activity, which becomes the main cause of the development of this disease.

The most important month after a stroke is the first month. At this time, a person undergoes intensive therapy in order to restore blood flow in the brain, the rheological properties of blood, and also to avoid the development of hypoxia. During this period of time, special attention should be paid to the use of antioxidants, as well as antihypoxants. After that, the second stage of recovery after the previous illness begins. This is where you should start playing sports after a stroke. This is due to the fact that moderate physical activity contributes to the restoration of muscle tissue. A person after a stroke needs to learn to control their body again.

Of course, you can't go to the gym and do bodybuilding or any other type of fitness during this period of time. But a set of specially designed exercises will be extremely useful. You must understand that the load should increase gradually. However, classes must be regular, otherwise they will not be able to bring positive results.

It is imperative that you consult with your doctor, who will select the load for you. This is very important, because the muscles have been inactive for a long time and it is necessary to gradually restore their performance. First, you should practice under the supervision of a specialist. After that, simple exercises can be performed independently.

It is also advisable to spend more time outdoors. This will allow you to provide adequate oxygen supply to the cellular structures of the brain. You should remember that sports after a stroke is possible, but the load should be increased gradually.

Sport after a stroke has a very positive effect on the functioning of the nervous system. Moderate physical activity helps to reduce anxiety, increase the body's ability to withstand stress. Do not forget about the heart muscle, because sport after a stroke also has a positive effect on this organ. The heart develops under the influence of physical exertion, including the myocardium. All this leads to increased endurance and improved blood flow.

It also contributes to sports after a stroke and the normalization of the respiratory system. This is primarily due to an increase in the useful volume of the lungs. As a result, a person can consume more oxygen. Gradually, with regular walking, shortness of breath will disappear.

As you can see, sports after a stroke are not only useful, but also necessary. It is very important that the classes are regular, and the load increases gradually. You don't need to do the classes yourself. It is best to rely on the experience of healthcare professionals to help you cope with the consequences of a stroke.

Check out the features of restorative gymnastics after a stroke in this video:

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